6 measures against lung cancer

Last updated date: 18-Jul-2021

Acibadem Maslak HospitalGeneral HealthLungLung Cancer
Acibadem Maslak Hospital

3 mins read

Smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer, the most common type of cancer, while it is not the only cause. Here are certain measures you can take against lung cancer…

Causes of lung cancer

Mean 18 million people are diagnosed with cancer worldwide and lung cancer makes up two million of them. Being the most common type of cancer with the highest mortality rate, lung cancer is a critical disease which seriously threatens public health especially due to increased rate of smoking. Annually, 35 thousand people are diagnosed with lung cancer in Turkey. However, lung cancer is a “preventable disease”. Incidence of lung disease can be decreased by means of self-protection and preventive medicine practices. Lung cancer may no longer be the cancer with highest mortality rate if smoking is reduced at a public scale. 6 ways to prevent lung cancer…


Avoid smoking to prevent lung cancer

Smoking is the most important factor in lung cancer. The risk is directly correlated to number of cigarettes smoked daily and the cumulative years of smoking. Consuming all tobacco products such as pipe, cigars and water pipe or exposure to second hand smoking increases the risk equally. Smoking and tobacco products significantly increase the risks of throat cancers (larynx and pharynx) along with the lung cancer. The term “second hand smoking” is used to define intense exposure to smoke, even if the person is not a smoker. Toxic materials in cigarette smoke, such as nitrosamine, ammonia and carbon monoxide, increase the risk of cancer. The smaller a physical space of exposure, the worse damage of smoking.


Avoid asbestos and following substances!

Exposure to asbestos and other carcinogenic materials such as arsenic, chrome and nickel are among elements that trigger lung cancer. Asbestos, especially, is one of the most important risk factors for lung cancer in Turkey. The risk of cancer increases incrementally for smokers with additional exposure to asbestos.


Ventilate your house frequently against radon

Radon is a colorless and odorless gas, which is deemed the second most important cause of lung cancer.  Found in earth and water and originating from uranium, radon is lighter than air and therefore, it affects especially lower floors of buildings. Radon is toxic when inhaled, which densely accumulates in basements and mines. It is recommended to ventilate homes frequently for protection against effects of radon gas.


Reconsider your diet

A diet rich in vegetables and fruits decreases the risk of lung cancer, as is the case with almost all diseases. Replacement with vitamins A, C, E and beta carotene is not as effective as the diet, which provides protection by 25 percent. Moreover, two studies show that beta carotene intake increases the mortality for smokers.


Also consider air pollution

Another important issue is air pollution. People residing in industrial areas and those with intense exposure to exhaust gas are more commonly exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), which lead to lung cancer. Not residing at such areas or living far from busy traffic areas are recommended to eliminate the aforementioned effects.


 If you have been smoking 1 or more packages per day for 30 years

The studies on early diagnosis of lung cancer demonstrate that people smoking 1 or more packages per day for 30 years should be scanned with low radiation helical CT at 55 to 74 years of age. Thus, lung cancer can be diagnosed early, which increases both survival and quality of life.


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