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Avoid these mistakes in pregnancy

Last updated date: 16-Jul-2021

Acibadem Fulya Hospital

5 mins read

Pregnancy requires attention regarding for both maternal and fetal health. Here are behaviors you need to avoid in this period of life.

10 mistakes in pregnancy

Pregnancy is a critical period in order to ensure giving birth to a healthy baby, who is residing in mother’s womb. Incorrect behaviors may not harm your baby, but also you in this period. Therefore, it is reasonable to be very careful throughout the pregnancy and avoid exacerbated behaviors. Moreover, you need to quit your bad habits, if any. Mistakes one should avoid while expecting a bundle from heaven…


Eating too much in pregnancy

“You carry one more living; you need to eat two times more”. Almost all women heard this statement from a family member, friend or a loved one. On the contrary to this myth, eating two times more does not provide the fetus with any benefit, but it is, unfortunately, hazardous for the mother due to problems that may occur in or after delivery due to overweight. In fact, a woman needs only 300 calories more in the pregnancy. Healthy diet is what matters in pregnancy rather overeating.

Reduced water intake

Another common public false fact is about increasing volume of amniotic fluid through drinking too much water. Amniotic fluid is formed by urine of the fetus. Therefore, volume of this fluid is not dictated by water intake of the mother. Amniotic fluid is maintained within normal ranges, if the mother pays attention to healthy diet and resting within last 3 months. Therefore, mother’s resting is important in cases of intrauterine growth retardation that is associated with olygohydramniosis – reduced volume of amniotic fluid. Frequent follow-up visits and resting ensure delivery of baby at best time. Mother should drink 1.5 to 2 liters of water a day in pregnancy. Frequent urge to void is, in fact a measure against urinary tract infection, if the mother has no kidney problem.

Swimming in sea and pool for long period of time

Although sea or pool water does not cause harm to pregnancy, do not stay too much to avoid reduction of body temperature. It is sufficient to stay in water for maximum 30 minutes. Too much time in water causes heat loss and paves the way for infections, especially urinary tract infections. Moreover, optimal temperature of bath water is 37-38 Celsius degrees. Try to avoid water temperatures above 40 Celsius degrees.

Do not swim in unclean water

Do not swim, if you are uncertain whether the water is clean or not, as contaminated water may cause diarrhea, vomiting, urinary tract infection, conjunctivitis - inflammation of eyes-, skin infections and especially fungal infections. On the contrary, swimming in clean water is among the exercises recommended for pregnant women, as almost all body muscles activate while swimming.

Sleeping on hard bed

Body’s center of gravity moves forward as of the second trimester, when the belly starts expanding; and therefore, back and low back pains emerge. There is fallacy that sleeping on heard bed or floor is good for lumbar health. Contrary to the popular belief, sleeping on hard bed leads to back and low back pains. This problem may further aggravate in pregnancy. Therefore, it is beneficial to prefer beds that fits shape of body and supports the low back.

Wearing high-heels

Avoid high-heels as they may cause knee, hip and low back pains due to changes in body’s center of gravity. Prefer orthopedic shoes for balanced gait and steps.

Sauna

Taking bath with thermal water does not harm pregnant women, but thermal water pool or sauna is not recommended. The underlying cause is the increase in body temperature secondary to high ambient temperature, not the hot water. Since high ambient temperature dilates blood vessels, it may cause fainting due to decreased blood pressure. Moreover, body temperature above 38.9 Celsius degrees may harm the baby especially in the first trimester. Fever in the first trimester may increase risks of midline developmental defects, such as cleft lip and palate, heart anomalies, congenital deformities in arms and legs and developmental anomalies in head and brain.

Heavy coffee consumption

Since too much caffeine may lead to palpitation, sleep withdrawal and gastroesophageal reflux towards the end of pregnancy, as it accelerates the metabolic rate. Considering that safe daily dose is 200 mg/dl and a cup of coffee contains 95 mg/dl of caffeine, drinking more than one cup of coffee may induce these complaints in the pregnancy. Cola drinks are not recommended, as they also contain caffeine and cause unnecessary calorie intake. This does not mean you should drink them; consider that a can of cola drink contains 50 mg caffeine and therefore, act reasonably.

Drinking too much herbal tea

Since a large part of drugs is derived from herbs, but it wouldn’t be wrong to say drinking too much herbal tea will result in drug effect. Although scientific studies on this issue are scarce, drinking more than two cups of same herbal tea, e.g. Melissa or jasmine tea, may cause severe sleepiness. More than one cup of green tea is also not recommended in pregnancy, as it contains high concentration of caffeine. It is necessary to avoid sage, raspberry, senna and basil teas especially in pregnancy, as they provoke contraction of the womb. One or two cups of linden, rose hip, ginger and chamomile tea a day are allowed in pregnancy.

Alcohol and smoking

Studies revealed out that learning and speech disorders, attention deficit and hyperactivity are more common in babies of women consuming 1 to 2 glasses of alcohol a day. It is believed that alcohol affects development and functioning of nervous cells adversely and causes early death of bone and cartilage cells. Accordingly, facial anomalies may develop in the baby. Moreover, it is determined that alcohol consumption increases the risks of small-for-gestational age (SGA) newborns and preterm delivery. Drinking more than 2 glasses of alcohol is deemed heavy alcohol consumption by American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, which also report that the risk of fetal alcohol syndrome is significantly high in babies of these women. Therefore, it is recommended to avoid alcohol consumption in pregnancy, but especially in the first trimester. Smoking is also associated with risks in pregnancy! Smoking causes exposure of fetus to carcinogenic substances and nicotine. The potentially serious results include preterm delivery, intrauterine death and growth retardation.

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