Last updated date: 15-Jun-2023
Medically Reviewed By
Dr. Sharif Samir Alijla
Originally Written in English
Female to Male Breast Surgery Cost by Countries
Thousands of Americans believe that their gender identity is different from their identified sex. This means that these people believe that the gender assigned to them at birth is incorrect. People who aspire to live life as a sex different than what they were assigned at birth are classified as transgender individuals. Some transgender people live this way by changing their looks and identifying as their intended sex in their daily life. Others, on the other hand, opt to change their physical appearance in different ways. Hormone therapy and transgender transition surgery are two methods for altering one's physical appearance to create a more lasting transformation. Female to Male (FTM) Surgery is a surgical technique aimed to make patients feel more at ease in their skin and help them match who they are on the inside with who they present to the world on the outside. By lowering the size of the breasts or eliminating them, surgery can help patients achieve masculine and defined chest.
Candidates for FTM Surgery
Before considering FTM surgery, especially genital reassignment surgery, it is advised that you think about whether the procedure is correct for you, and the right time to consider it. The following prerequisites are established by the World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH):
- Gender dysphoria has been diagnosed for you.
- Surgery has been advised by two mental health doctors who have been experienced in gender identity issues and have known the patient for at least a year.
- Hormone therapy for at least a year.
- Living as your gender identity for at least a year.
- Emotionally solid.
- Medically fit, with any medical issues being addressed and managed.
Before surgery, your physical and mental well-being are critical in preparation for the changes you will experience in the lead-up to surgery and recovery following female-to-male surgery.
Physical readiness implies that you have considered and consulted with a health professional throughout the process:
- Health condition. You should be in good health overall, but if you have any pre-existing illnesses, you should discuss them with your surgeon and healthcare provider so that they can be treated before and after surgery (for example diabetes or HIV can affect surgery, but not necessarily prevent you from having it).
- Pre-surgery physical requirements. You must have been on hormone therapy for at least 12 months previous to surgery, but you must also taper off your hormone medication use in the weeks leading up to surgery. If forearm skin is used, electrolysis may be required before urethroplasty to prevent future hair growth.
- Post-surgery requirements. Do you have a safe, supportive environment in which to recover after surgery? This includes access to knowledgeable healthcare specialists and a support network (friends, family, community, and mental health professionals) to assist you during the process.
Mental well-being involves the following:
- You have a strong sense of your gender identity. This is not a procedure for those who have only recently begun to explore gender identity issues. Medical professionals recommend that you have lived as your preferred gender identification for at least a year.
- Understanding of the upcoming mental journey. While feeling liberated following genital reassignment surgery is frequent, it is not necessarily an immediate feeling. Assessing your preparedness for the emotional ups and downs that will follow surgery is critical. It can be challenging to adjust to changes in how your body appears and feels, to deal with pain or other physical problems, or to deal with the reactions of others. While negative emotions are not certain, if you do not believe you have the mental resilience to cope with these possibilities, this operation may not be suited for you right now.
If you are certain that this is the best option for you, but not right now, you do not have to forego FTM surgery. You can still work towards the surgery by thinking about what would help you reach the point where you are ready (counseling, medical treatment, peer support, and so on) and gradually but steadily making life changes to move closer to readiness. There are even clinics that specialize in FTM surgery that can help you in locating and reach these services. The most essential thing is to make sure you are pursuing surgery on the best terms for you and your journey.
How Does Female to Male Surgery Work?
FTM reassignment surgery, often known as female-to-male surgery, consists of three major components:
- Vaginal removal (vaginectomy or colpectomy) or vaginal closure (colpocleisis).
- Creating a scrotum and implanting testicles (scrotoplasty).
Penis development can be achieved in one of two ways:
- Enlargement and relocation of the clitoris to resemble the position of a penis (metoidioplasty).
- Making a penis from skin grafts (phalloplasty).
It is feasible to combine the aforementioned operations, as explained further below.
After enlarging the clitoris with hormone therapy, metoidioplasty entails removing the ligament that connects the clitoris to the pubic bone. This allows the clitoris to protrude more, allowing it to be stretched and lifted into the position of a penis. The skin for the new micropenis is then formed by cutting the labia minora, wrapping it over the tissue, and stitching it closed. To bring the new penis forward, fat might be removed from your pubic mound and the skin pulled upwards. Metoidioplasty can produce a neophallus 3-6 cm long, depending on clitoral size, and can be performed with or without urethral lengthening. The urethra opening remains in its original place, usually beneath the scrotum, unless it is lengthened. The urethra opening is brought near the tip of the phallus with urethral lengthening, allowing you to stand and aim better when peeing.
The most frequent procedure includes removing a free flap from a donor site to form the neophallus. A free flap will include skin and underlying tissue and dissection of the arteries, veins, and nerves to ensure that the flap retains good blood supply and sensation when placed over the pubic region. The three most common donor sites are:
- Radial forearm (RF). The inside of the lower arm.
- Anterolateral thigh (ALT). The outside of the thigh.
- Musculocutaneous latissimus dorsi flap (MLD). The back's lateral or side area.
Several factors will influence the donor location selection, each with advantages and disadvantages. You should talk to your surgeon about their preferred technique and what's best for you based on your surgery goals and body type. While the donor site is being prepared for the flap, another doctor will prepare the recipient area so that the freshly produced neophallus can be inserted at the top of the clitoral fold. The flap is rolled to form a tube within a tube shape, and microsurgery is utilized to connect the neophallus' vessels, arteries, and nerves to those in the pubic and leg areas (including the clitoral nerve). Sutures hold the phallus in place, and the donor site is either sealed or covered with a skin graft. Suprapubic phalloplasty is a frequent second phalloplasty method. This procedure involves elevating a heart-shaped flap of skin and subcutaneous tissue from the lower abdomen, rolling it into a tube, and allowing it to hang down to be positioned in the pubic area. Similar to a tummy tuck, the skin of the lower abdomen is then sealed and sutured together. Both techniques mobilize the clitoris and allow it to be moved to the desired position, which is frequently at the base of the neophallus just beneath the skin. This hides the clitoris while still allowing it to be stimulated during coitus or manually.
Choosing Between Phalloplasty and Metoidioplasty
The main difference for patients to consider is that metoidioplasty is a less invasive surgery, but the penis formed is frequently too small to have penetrative sex with. Phalloplasty is a more complex and invasive procedure, but the resulting penis is adult-male-sized and suitable for penetrative intercourse. In contrast to metoidioplasty, phalloplasty necessitates the use of an implanted erectile prosthesis to produce an erection. This is typically done in a separate surgery to allow for healing time. Metoidioplasty and phalloplasty both preserve sexual sensation and allow a person to stand while urinating. Many factors influence your decision, including your overall surgical goals and the health risks of each. Because of the cost and length of time required to perform metoidioplasty vs. phalloplasty, some people will have it as a short-term option. Metoidioplasty frequently satisfies patients' personal goals and provides them with the feeling that they have accomplished their transition. It is also possible to begin with a metoidioplasty and afterward decide to have a phalloplasty.
What Other FTM surgery Procedures Can I Combine?
Depending on your personal goals, health, and the protocols employed by your surgical team, you can group your sex reassignment surgeries in a variety of ways. Common combinations include, for example:
- At the same time, vaginal closure/removal, urethral lengthening, scrotal construction, and metoidioplasty or phalloplasty are performed, as well as the removal of the uterus and ovaries if they have not already been removed.
- Vaginal closure/removal, urethral lengthening, and phalloplasty were performed concurrently, with scrotum construction and placement of a penile stiffening device performed later (one year after phalloplasty).
- If there are no plans for urethral lengthening in the future, vaginal/closure removal can be performed together with ovaries and uterus removal.
- Phalloplasty combined with scrotoplasty, as well as the vaginal, uterine, fallopian tube, and ovarian removal.
It is essential to recognize that your FTM surgery journey will most likely require multiple procedures, some with multiple repetitions. When planning the timeline of your procedures, you should account for the time it takes your body to properly heal between surgeries. For example, if your ovaries/uterus were recently removed, you must wait a minimum of 4 to 6 months before having genital surgery. If you want a penile implant, you should wait at least a year following your phalloplasty.
How to Prepare for FTM Surgery?
To undergo female-to-male surgery, you must meet the World Professional Association for Transgender Health's (WPATH) criteria. You will be subjected to a mental health evaluation to ensure that you understand the procedure and its implications for your life. You will almost certainly require testosterone-based gender-affirming hormone therapy. The complete effects, which include redistributing fat away from your chest and expanding your shoulders, might take up to a year to accomplish. You may be asked to do the following in preparation for this surgery:
- Get laboratory testing or a medical assessment.
- A letter of recommendation from your therapist.
- Take specific prescriptions or make changes to your present medications.
- Stop smoking.
- Aspirin, anti-inflammatory medications, and herbal supplements should be avoided because they can cause heavy bleeding.
Female to Male Surgery Procedures
You must arrive in the ward alone and with your face covered. This will give your surgeon time to speak with you and explain the operation, as well as any risks or complications that may be involved. If you are still willing to proceed, he will have you sign a consent form and mark the area for surgery. The anesthesiologist will then evaluate you to confirm that you are fit for operation. The ward will have a rough estimate of the time of your procedure, so your relative can contact the ward after that. You will then have to wait for your procedure, which could take some time, so bring something to read, a phone, or a tablet. When your operation date approaches, the ward staff will tell you to put on a surgical gown; this gown is backless, so you will need a dressing gown to wear over it and a pair of soft shoes/slippers to walk to the operating room. You will also be given a pair of white anti-embolic socks to wear after surgery to assist avoid blood clots. Doctors recommend that you wear these for at least two weeks after surgery.
The operation is conducted under general anesthesia and involves the excision of the majority of the breast tissue, with the nipple and areola (colored) portion preserved if feasible. The surgical procedure utilized is determined by the individual patient's breast size and initial assessment:
- Breast tissue can be removed via liposuction through tiny incisions.
- An inframammary fold mastectomy with free nipple areolar grafts (removal of the breast from the fold beneath the breast) leaves a scar along the crease of the skin right beneath the breast. The nipples can be removed and repositioned completely. Both nipple and areola tattoos can be done afterward if the nipples are not preserved.
- To perform a peri-areolar reduction, make a circular incision around the outer margin of the areola, leaving the nipple partially connected. The excess skin and breast tissue are removed. The nipple is then relocated, and the skin around the areola is pulled tighter together to close the reduced area using a purse-string (kind of stitch) technique.
All of these surgical options will be thoroughly discussed to determine which is best for you.
Hospital Stay After FTM Surgery
Following your surgery, you will be monitored by medical personnel while you awaken from anesthesia. You will then be kept in the hospital until you are well enough to be discharged. Typically, this is:
- If you are having metoidioplasty without urethral lengthening, you will need to stay overnight.
- If you have metoidioplasty with urethral extension, you will be hospitalized for 5 to 10 days.
- If you are getting phalloplasty, the hospital stay will be 7 to 14 days.
You will need to stay in bed for the majority of your hospital stay following phalloplasty. The nursing and surgical staff will continuously check your penis (every hour for the first two days). To protect the surgical anastomoses (the surgical connections where the flap's vasculature and nerves meet the groin nerves and vessels), you will be placed on bed rest for at least the first 48 to 72 hours following surgery. Most probably, the new phallus will be lifted off the abdomen to avoid kinking, and you will have several drains to remove any fluid buildup from the surgically repaired areas. When you are allowed to move around again after 3 days, you should be able to walk alone. A catheter will be placed for 2 to 3 weeks following surgery and will be withdrawn once you can urinate via your new phallus.
If you are traveling to another country for surgery, it is advised that you stay in the country and close to the clinic for many weeks afterward for follow-up appointments and in case any issues arise. For the next five days, the skin-grafted forearm will be wrapped in special bandages. A tube (suprapubic catheter) will be placed to bring urine from your bladder out via your lower abdomen if you are having a urethral extension done (mandatory as part of phalloplasty, optional with metoidioplasty). This allows your new urethra to heal and is typically removed within the first week.
Female to Male Surgery Recovery
You will awaken in recovery after your surgery. This is a high-risk area where you will be supervised until you are deemed fit to return to the ward. The personnel will take your blood pressure and pulse, and you may be given an oxygen mask. Once you have fully recovered from the anesthetic, this will be removed. During your surgery, you may have been fitted with a pair of Flowtron boots. These are self-inflating bands that wrap around the lower leg and inflate to increase blood flow back up the leg, preventing blood clots. Once you have recovered, they will be removed. You must keep your white socks on.
The nursing team will ensure that you have adequate pain relief medication, but if you have any pain, you must notify them. You should have a supply of paracetamol or ibuprofen at home because you may not be discharged with pain relief medications. Following your operation, you will be fitted with a binder. This will be padded with cotton wool and will aid in keeping your suture lines flat and supportive after surgery. This will aid in keeping your scars flat and not raised. You will need to wear the binder for 6 weeks after surgery, but you will be allowed to remove it to wash.
Following your procedure, you will have two drains. These serve to prevent any fluid build-up between the tissue and the skin. You will be discharged with the drains, but the nurses will ensure that you are trained to empty and re-vacuum them. These drains will need to be removed roughly 10 days after surgery. This appointment is critical because they will check to see whether your suture line is healing and if your nipple grafts have been taken, and provide you with vital advice and instructions. Doctors will remove the drains and any dressings at this appointment. You must wear the binder for the whole six weeks following surgery. You will need to purchase micropore tape to cover the suture line when wearing your binder. This will assist in keeping your suture line flat and scarring to a minimum. During this visit, staff will demonstrate how to use it and care for your nipple grafts. You will be unable to drive while your drains are in place, so you must plan for someone to drive you to this appointment.
This type of operation often requires a two-day hospital stay. Your surgeon will assess you the day after your operation, and if everything is fine and you have had no complications, you may be discharged at this time. You would have to stay locally, thus a room in the hotel would be required. You won't be able to travel until the next day. You would need someone to accompany you on this night. If you are traveling by car, it is advised to put a cushion or soft pillow behind your seat belt for safety and comfort. Seat belts are still required by law. Before you leave the hospital, your surgeon will advise you on any activities you should avoid and the types of exercises you should do.
The recovery time after surgery usually lasts 4-6 weeks. It is common to experience some bruising and swelling, but this will subside with time. You can walk outside and do your normal activities, but avoid heavy lifting and lifting your arms above your head. They do recommend that you take some time off work, the length of which depends on the nature of your job. A sick note will be provided by the ward. Driving a car during this time is not recommended because you will need to have a full range of upper body movements and be able to make an emergency stop. You can remove your binder after six weeks. You will need to use the micropore tape for 3 months after surgery. You can then begin to apply bio-oil to your scars. If everything is recovered and healthy after six weeks, you can begin using the gym and swimming. You can drive and do more strenuous work.
Female to Male Surgery Complications
- General surgery risks. Bleeding, infection, bruising, and scarring are all possible risks. Risks are reduced by using injections to assist prevent unfavorable blood clotting, compression stockings to help prevent deep vein thrombosis, and antibiotic coverage.
- Hematoma. An accumulation of partially clotted blood beneath the skin at the surgical site. Depending on the severity, this may necessitate a return to the operating room to drain.
- Asymmetry. This occurs when both sides are unequal after surgery. This may be correctable with additional surgery at a later date.
- Synmastia. This occurs when the two scar lines intersect at the central point, resulting in a single long scar. This may be unavoidable, but it may be corrected later through surgery.
- Loss of nipple graft. There is a tiny chance that the nipple graft will fail and you will lose your nipple graft. Nipple reconstruction may be possible in the future.
- Bruising. This may produce discoloration of the breast area, which may spread to the belly. Your body will absorb this bruise and rarely requires intervention; but, if you are concerned, contact your surgeon.
- Seroma. This is a serous fluid buildup between the tissues and the skin. This fluid is normally absorbed by the body, but excessive amounts can be painful. The fluid can be extracted by inserting a fine needle and withdrawing the fluid. This is a fairly typical operation performed in the breast clinic's outpatient department.
- Skin necrosis. Occasionally the blood supply to the flaps of skin on each side of the surgical incision is inadequate. This is substantially more likely in those who smoke. The affected skin dies (necrotic) and gradually heals with scarring. If the area is large enough, surgical removal may be necessary, though this is uncommon.
- Nipple necrosis. If the nipple is preserved, there is a tiny chance that it will lose its blood supply and become necrotic. This indicates that a lack of blood supply to this area may cause some color loss and the nipple to die. If this occurs, nipple reconstruction may be performed at a later date.
- Infection. This can happen even if antibiotics are given regularly. Any indications of redness, heat, discharge, or fever should be mentioned to the doctor, consultant, or surgical ward. An earlier follow-up appointment with the ward or the breast clinic outpatient department can then be scheduled.
- Fat necrosis. This is a disorder that can develop under the skin after surgery. It causes hard lumps to grow in the breast area, which can be concerning for the patient. The disease is benign (harmless) and poses no danger of malignancy; however, all lumps should be thoroughly investigated.
- Scarring. Scarring will appear and fade over time, depending on the individual. If you do get an infection, it can affect your scarring; the scar may become thicker than expected and take longer to dissolve. Even in the absence of infection, some scarring can thicken and overgrow due to a condition known as Keloid scar (excessive tissue growth in the wound area). To assist treat the scar, a specific silicone dressing may be required.
- Nipple sensation. This may be gone altogether or there may be some small loss or even increased feeling in the cases of surgery preserving the nipple area. There can be no assurances in this regard.
- Skin sensation. Because of the normal healing process, it is typical for the skin sensation to change with patches of numbness, tingling, and little sharp feelings following surgery. Again, this varies significantly from person to person.
Female to Male Breast Surgery Cost in South Korea
The FTM operation in South Korea cost, on average, is between $3800 to $5050.
The female reproductive organs and genitals are removed during transgender female-to-male top surgery. It is then replaced by the male genitals. Female-to-male surgery comprises hysterectomy, vaginectomy, and phalloplasty or metoidioplasty. You must be asking what these surgeries entail. Right? Let's learn more about them and how much they cost.
Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus in patients who are transitioning from female to male. The entire uterus or a portion of it may be removed during the treatment. A hysterectomy typically costs $860.
Vaginectomy is the surgical removal of the vaginal canal and openings. These tissues are subsequently used to reconstruct the male genital tract. The average cost of a vaginectomy for FTM transition is between $760 and $1300.
Phalloplasty involves the creation of a penis and urine tract (to stand while urinating). Your lower arm or thigh tissue is used in this procedure. This is accomplished in two stages. The typical cost of phalloplasty is $2500.
Metoidioplasty is a procedure that lengthens your current genital tissue, changing it into a defined phallus. This only necessitates one procedure. Metoidioplasty will cost you $1100.
T-therapy refers to female-to-male testosterone therapy. This is a form of hormone therapy offered to FTM transitioning individuals. T-therapy is a treatment that boosts traditionally male physical characteristics while suppressing traditionally feminine ones. Patients undergoing T therapy are given the hormone testosterone. This helps to reduce menstrual periods and decrease estrogen production. Physical changes such as male-pattern hair growth and a deeper voice can also occur. The cost of testosterone hormone therapy ranges from $4 to $6 for each consultation and $6 per hormone therapy session.
Factors Affecting Female to Male Breast Surgery Cost in South Korea
- Cost. The overall surgical cost might burden people financially, from the doctor's fee to surgery fees. Due to the uniqueness of the surgery, the procedures utilized and procedure time may affect the cost.
- Additional fees. The hospital room rent and length of stay till recovery can have a significant impact on the ultimate bill amount. These fees are typically not included in the package and must be paid for.
- Insurance. Most insurance providers worldwide do not yet cover female-to-male transitioning costs. Policies are being developed to include them. However, a few carefully selected companies may provide compensation.
- Post-surgery care. Following FTM surgery in South Korea, the body needs a few weeks to adjust to the new skin. Aside from the surgical cost, medications and assistive care may be required.
- Medical tourists. If people travel overseas for surgery, additional housing and food expenses will be paid. Tourists must plan ahead of time, keeping these factors in mind.
Female to Male Breast Surgery Cost in USA
The total typical cost of FTM surgery in the USA of typically includes expenses incurred in the year preceding surgery, during which hormone therapy, counseling, and full-time living as the target sex are advised; the cost of the surgery and follow-up care; and associated costs after the surgical procedure, including hormone therapy for life and subsequent doctor visits. Counseling can cost $50 to $200 each session the year before surgery, and letters from two therapists are normally required for surgery; the total cost of the therapy and letters can range from under $1,000 to more than $5,000 for that year. And, depending on the hormones provided, hormone therapy might cost between $300 and $2,400 each year.
Many organizations provide full financial computations and estimates on all transfer costs, and it is normal to spend $40,000 to $50,000 for a mid-range transition, including surgery. For patients without health insurance, the typical cost of FTM surgery can range from about $15,000 for just genital reconstruction to about $25,000 for genital and chest procedures to $50,000 or more for procedures that include surgeries to make facial features more masculine. Prices are usually determined by the procedures utilized; different techniques are frequently recommended based on body shape and patient desire. For example, charges a little more than $30,000 for basic male-to-female surgery that includes scrotal removal, genital surgery, and breast augmentation, while basic female-to-male surgery that includes mastectomy, areolar reduction, and genital surgery costs between $12,000 and $25,000 depending on the type of genital surgery chosen. Because different doctors provide different procedures, it is important to research what is available for a certain price.
Some health insurance policies cover sex reassignment surgery, but most do not. Employers can, however, choose to provide coverage for the operation in their plans. It is frequently difficult to obtain coverage for sex reassignment surgery, and many companies classify gender identity disorder as a pre-existing condition or have limits. Out-of-pocket payments for those with health insurance would include a copay or coinsurance. According to the Human Rights Campaign, which follows transgender benefits concerns, employees pay 15% of the total cost of surgery with an in-network doctor and 50% with an out-of-network provider, with a lifetime maximum allowed of $75,000 per employee.
What is Included in Female to Male Breast Surgery Cost in USA?
- The most common surgeries for female-to-male patients are: elective bilateral mastectomy, which includes removing tissue and fat and sometimes grafting skin to create a more male-like nipple; metoidioplasty, which includes removing skin and extending the clitoris, which is usually already increased in size by prescribed hormones, to create a penis, and sometimes elongating the urinary tract if the patient wants to urinate while standing; or phalloplasty, an alternative to metoidioplasty that includes removing skin from the forearm to produce a penis and using skin from the labia to create a scrotum; at least six months after a phalloplasty, testicular and penile implants can be placed.
- Hormone therapy can cost $25 to $200 each month, depending on which hormones are prescribed. For hormones to be provided, an expert mental health practitioner must first diagnose gender identity disorder.
- If psychotherapy is required, it might cost between $50 and $200 per session for those who do not have insurance.
- Aftercare for female to male patients can be complex, requiring a stent to dilate the vaginal opening.
- Many patients engage with voice and movement therapists before or after surgery to help them adjust to life as the new sex. These trainers can cost $30 an hour or more.
- Following surgery, it may be essential to visit a lawyer or pay costs to change the gender on official documents such as a birth certificate, driver's license, and passport.
Female to Male Breast Surgery Cost in Thailand
FTM surgery in Thailand costs roughly one-third less than one in the United States. Thailand ranks best in terms of inexpensive healthcare, gender-transition surgery specialists, and medical facilities. In Thailand, the cost of FTM surgery begins at $11000. The overall cost of FTM surgery in Thailand might vary depending on a variety of factors, including:
- The cost of treatment packages is determined by the hospital.
- Doctor's skill and experience in the field.
- The patient's situation. The patient's condition and whether additional modalities are needed for appropriate treatment.
- Duration of hospitalization and stay in the country.
- Need for post-operative care.
- Hospital room classification.
These are the key factors driving thousands of people to Thailand from around the world for medical care.
FTM surgery in Thailand is not inexpensive. The cost of the procedure alone can range from $7,000 to $24,000, not counting travel and lodging. FTM surgery in Thailand might cost as little as $4,000, depending on the surgeon and the hospital. The estimations may be revised due to changes in currency exchange rates at the time. The implants are of high quality and can be left in place for up to four nights in a hospital and 11 nights in a nice apartment. For people who require extra depth following surgery. Certain packages contain a secondary sigmoid colon vaginoplasty. A total of eight nights in the hospital.
The cost of FTM surgery in Thailand will vary depending on the individual's personal needs and goals, therefore there is no one-size-fits-all answer. However, in general, FTM surgery in Thailand is substantially cheaper than it would be in most Western countries. This is owing in part to Thailand's lower cost of living, as well as the fact that many of the surgeons performing these treatments are extremely trained and experienced. As a result, FTM surgery in Thailand may be a cost-effective choice for those looking to transition. The operation has risen in popularity in Thailand due to the strong demand for it from both men and women.
Facial feminization surgery (FFS) can be done in three ways: Adam's apple reduction surgery, jaw reduction surgery, or nose job. In Thailand, Adam's apple reduction treatment is the most generally performed FFS technique, as it is a reasonably easy operation that can transform a person's facial appearance. A jaw reduction operation is also popular in Thailand since it can improve the appearance of the chin and jaw. A nose job is a type of FFS that is popular in Thailand since it can alter the appearance of the nose and face. In Thailand, the cost of FFS varies based on the type of surgery performed; the cost of FFS ranges from $1,600 to $6,300. If you are traveling to Thailand on your own for surgery, you can also hire a 24-hour in-room attendant.
Female to Male Breast Surgery Cost in Turkey
The cost of surgery will vary depending on the procedure, your location, the surgeon, the method, and the hospital of your choice. According to recent research in the United Kingdom, the typical cost of FTM top surgery is between $8000 and $12000. FTM Top surgery is a medically necessary transition-related care, but most of the time insurance does not cover it, or the waiting period is often 3-4 years, occasionally up to 5 years, and the cost is rather significant.
In Turkey, legitimate, professional surgeons perform female-to-male top surgery. The usual cost of FTM top surgery in Turkey is $3000-$5000. (out of pocket -no insurance coverage). In recent years, medical and health tourism in Istanbul has grown rapidly across global markets. The country invests millions of dollars in long-term measures to support the increase in demand, and Turkey is already working hard to rank high in this race. Given this, Turkey ranks top in terms of medical and health tourism, attracting visitors from Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. Female-to-male top surgery in Turkey provides surgical gender transformation techniques. Board Certified qualified surgeons in plastic surgery deliver experience, competence, and safety protocols to transgender patients. Female-to-male surgery cost in Turkey is significantly less expensive than in Europe or the United States due to accredited hospitals, high quality of service, and affordable healthcare. The high currency exchange rate in the Turkish Lira makes it more cost-effective. The average cost of female-to-male top surgery in Turkey is $3000-$5000. Peri-areolar with areola reduction, double incision with free nipple graft, and sometimes keyhole top surgery approaches are employed.
FTM bottom surgery is a cosmetic procedure that is done at the patient's discretion. As a result, the cost of this surgery is unlikely to be paid by your insurance company. You must either pay the entire sum in full or get the complete amount financed. In developed countries, the cost of FTM bottom surgery in Turkey is between $9,000 and $13,000, depending on the method chosen and the degree of enhancement performed by your surgeon. The cost of FTM bottom surgery in Turkey is less than 1/10th of that in London and New York. The scope of FTM bottom surgery in Turkey is expanding because of its inexpensive cost and improved healthcare facilities. International patients are offered the best services for FTM bottom surgery in Turkey at an affordable cost. In addition to medical services, it offers the patient and his family complete transportation, travel, accommodation, and tourist assistance. The patient just has to send a query and the patient will be assisted by one of the executives within 24 hours. And everything will be planned around the patient's convenience.
Female to Male Breast Surgery Cost in Brazil
The surgeon's charge for FTM top surgery in Brazil normally varies from $5,000 to $9,000 in most cases. This will vary for each patient based on the surgeon's expertise and the geographic location of the clinic. Other elements that will affect your overall price include the technique chosen, anesthetic expenses, and post-surgical garments. Your team will provide you with a precise estimated cost based on the custom surgical plan that is established during the consultation process. If you are interested in financing to help you break down the total cost into smaller monthly payments, a member of the clinic team would greatly help you. Some insurance companies cover FTM top surgery because it is considered a reconstructive operation. Although more providers are providing coverage for FTM surgery, keep in mind that coverage varies by company, state, and plan.
The precise cost of your bottom surgery in Brazil will be determined by criteria such as your location, the procedures performed, and the coverage provided by your insurance plan. Before your insurer will fund your procedure, you may need to document special criteria. Your healthcare practitioner can help you with estimating these costs and navigating insurance coverage. The overall cost for your bottom surgery will include payments for the surgeon, the anesthesiologist, and the hospital stay. You may also be required to pay for medications and supplies to treat your surgical wounds while recovering. In general, overall prices for FTM bottom surgery range from $6,400 to $24,900.
Female to Male Breast Surgery Cost in Mexico
FTM surgery costs around $3,000 on average. You may contact your surgeon to assess your specific case to determine the length and scope of the surgery required to attain your goals.
FTM Surgery Package Includes:
- Preoperative laboratory work.
- Fees for the surgical team's services (treating physician, assistant surgeons, anesthesiologist, nurses).
- Medications and medical equipment used during surgery and hospitalization.
- Hospital room, a surgery room, and special surgical equipment.
- During the recovery time, all post-operative consultations.
FTM Surgery Package Doesn’t Include:
- If necessary, an internist and/or cardiologist will perform a preoperative evaluation.
- Medication that can be taken at home.
- Therapies for the face and body following surgery.
- Hotels or rehabilitation centers.
FTM top surgery is a technique that gives transgender males a more masculine-looking body. It is one of several gender-affirmation techniques used to treat symptoms of gender dysphoria. Receiving treatment from a surgeon who specializes in transgender surgeries increases the likelihood of success.
Medically Reviewed By
Dr. Sharif Samir Alijla