Emotional disorders

    Last updated date: 02-Jun-2023

    Originally Written in English

    Emotional disorders

    Emotional disorders


    Emotional disorders are a broad category of illnesses that can cause symptoms that alter a person's thoughts, perceptions, mood, or behavior. Emotional issues can make it difficult to manage jobs, relationships, and other responsibilities. The link between stress and mental illness is complicated, however it is recognized that stress can exacerbate an episode of emotional disorders. Medication, counseling, or both can help most people manage their emotional illnesses.


    What are Emotional disorders?

     Emotional disorders

    A clinically significant impairment in an individual's cognition, emotional control, or behavior characterizes an emotional disorder. It is frequently connected with distress or impairment in critical areas of functioning. There are several sorts of emotional problems. Emotional illnesses are sometimes known as mental health issues. The latter is a larger phrase that encompasses emotional illnesses, psychosocial impairments, and (other) mental states linked with considerable suffering, functional impairment, or risk of self-harm.



    emotional condition

    In 2019, one in every eight individuals, or 970 million people worldwide, suffered from an emotional condition, with anxiety and depression being the most frequent. Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of individuals suffering with anxiety and depression increased considerably in 2020. Initial estimates reveal a 26% and 28% rise in anxiety and severe depressive disorders, respectively, in just one year. While there are excellent preventative and treatment alternatives, most persons with emotional problems do not have access to them. Many people face stigma, discrimination, and infringement of their human rights.


    What are some common emotional disorders?

    Anxiety disorders

    Many conditions can affect your emotions. Which include:

    Anxiety disorders

    Anxiety disorders are a type of mental illness. They include anxiety disorders in general, social phobias, particular phobias (such as agoraphobia and claustrophobia), and panic disorders. Anxiety problems are frequently associated with depression. Anxiety disorders are frequent mental health issues that impact a large number of people. Approximately 25% of the population has an anxiety illness that requires treatment at some point in their lives, while another 25% has less severe concerns such as spider and snake phobias.

    Anxiety disorder symptoms

    Anxiety disorders are distinguished by persistent (continuous) and painful concerns or thoughts that interfere with normal functioning. Anxiety disorders can also cause the following symptoms:

    • Attacks of panic or anxiety, or dread of such attacks
    • Physical anxiety symptoms include shaking, sweating, faintness, fast pulse, difficulty breathing, and nausea.
    • Avoidance behavior occurs when a person goes to great measures to avoid a circumstance that they believe would cause anxiety or fear.

    Anxiety Disorder Types

    Anxiety becomes a condition when it becomes unreasonable, excessive, and impairs a person's capacity to function in everyday life. Anxiety disorders include the following:

    • Anxiety disorder in general
    • Fear of social circumstances (social phobias)
    • Specific phobias, such as a dread of open areas (agoraphobia) or enclosed environments (claustrophobia) (claustrophobia)
    • Panic disorders are characterized by frequent and incapacitating panic attacks.

    Treatment allows for recovery

    With the correct treatment and support, it is possible to recover from an anxiety illness. Treatments for anxiety disorders that are effective include:

    • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) tries to alter patterns of thought, beliefs, and behavior that may cause anxiety.
    • Exposure therapy entails gradually exposing a person to circumstances that cause anxiety by employing a fear hierarchy: this is known as systematic desensitization.
    • Anxiety treatment and relaxation therapies, such as deep muscle relaxation, meditation, breathing exercises, and counseling, are available.
    • Antidepressants and benzodiazepines are examples of medications.

    Behavioral disorders in children

    Behavioral disorders in children

    It is quite natural for young children to be unruly, stubborn, and impetuous from time to time. Some youngsters, however, exhibit extraordinarily tough and demanding behaviors that are out of character for their age. Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), conduct disorder (CD), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are the most frequent disruptive behavior disorders (ADHD). Because these three behavioral disorders share similar symptoms, diagnosing them can be challenging and time-consuming. A toddler or teenager may be suffering from two conditions at the same time. Emotional issues, mental disorders, family troubles, and drug addiction can all be aggravating factors.


    Risk factors for behavioral problems in childhood

    Some of the risk factors are as follows:

    • Boys are far more prone than females to suffer from behavioral problems. It is unknown if the reason is hereditary or related to socialization experiences.
    • Gestation and delivery: difficult pregnancies, early birth, and low birth weight may all contribute to a child's bad behavior later in life in some situations.
    • Temperament: From a young age, children who are difficult to control, temperamental, or aggressive are more prone to have behavioral issues later in life.
    • Family relationships: Behavioral problems are more common in dysfunctional homes. A kid, for example, is at greater risk in households where there is domestic violence, poverty, poor parenting abilities, or substance abuse.
    • Reading and writing difficulties are frequently related with behavioral issues.
    • Youngsters with intellectual challenges are twice as likely as other children to develop behavioral problems.
    • Brain development: studies have revealed that in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), regions of the brain that govern attention tend to be less active.


    Diagnosis of behavioral problems in children

    Disruptive behavioral disorders are multifaceted and can include a variety of variables functioning in tandem. A youngster that shows conduct disorder (CD), delinquent behaviors, for example, may also have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety, depression, and a terrible family situation. Methods of diagnosis may include: 

    • Diagnosis by a specialized service, such as a pediatrician, psychologist, or child psychiatrist
    • Extensive interviews with parents, children, and teachers
    • Checklists of behavior or standardized questionnaires

    A diagnosis is given if the child's behavior satisfies the criteria for disruptive behavior disorders in the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

    It is critical to rule out any acute stresses that may be interfering with the child's behavior. For example, a sick parent or victimization by other children may be responsible for unexpected changes in a child's regular behavior, and these issues must be explored first.


    Treatment of children's behavioral issues

    Children who are not treated for behavioral issues may grow up to be dysfunctional adults. In general, the earlier the intervention, the better the outcome. Comprehensive research undertaken for the National Institute of Mental Health and the Office of School Education Programs in the United States found that properly managed medication management and behavioral treatment for ADHD improved all measures of behavior at school and at home. Treatment is frequently multidimensional and varies depending on the condition and the variables that contribute to it, but it may include:

    • Parental education includes instructing parents on how to communicate with and control their children.
    • Family therapy assists the entire family in improving communication and problem-solving abilities.
    • Cognitive behavioral therapy aims to help children gain control over their ideas and behaviors.
    • Social training teaches the kid crucial social skills such as how to converse and play together with others.
    • Anger management is teaching the youngster how to recognize symptoms of developing irritation and providing them with a variety of coping techniques to defuse their anger and violent behavior. Techniques for relaxation and stress management are also given.
    • Support for related issues, for example, a youngster with a learning disability will benefit from expert assistance.
    • Encouragement: Many children with behavioral issues fail at school and in their interactions with others on a regular basis. Encouraging the youngster to excel in their specific abilities (such as sports) can aid in the development of self-esteem.
    • Medication to aid in the management of impulsive behaviors.

    Bipolar disorder

    Bipolar disorder

    Bipolar disorder (formerly known as manic depression) is a kind of mental illness. It is characterized by significant low and high mood swings. A person suffering from bipolar illness may experience a cycle of feeling euphoric and incredibly energized ('manic') and feeling terribly down ('depression'). Everyone's cycle of manic and depressed symptoms is unique. Some people experience periods that last three to six months and occur every few years. Others may have shorter but more frequent episodes throughout the course of a year. Medication can either halt the symptoms or make them shorter or less acute. Bipolar disorder's actual etiology is unclear. Brain chemistry, environmental circumstances, physical sickness, and stress may all have a role.

    Bipolar disorder symptoms usually appear in early adulthood. For the vast majority of patients, the illness is a lifetime condition. However, with the right therapy and care: 

    • Symptoms of bipolar illness can be effectively controlled.
    • People with bipolar illness can retain a high standard of living.

    It is estimated that 1.3% of Australians suffer from a type of bipolar illness. Every year, one in every 50 adult Australians suffers with bipolar illness.


    Bipolar disorder causes

    The precise etiology of bipolar disorder is unknown. Factors that may contribute include:

    • genetics
    • chemicals in the brain
    • environmental aspects
    • Physical sickness causes stress.

    According to research, around 80% of the causes are hereditary, and people might have a substantial genetic susceptibility to bipolar illness. Because of the coding in their genes, some triggers may produce symptoms of bipolar illness in certain persons. Stressors such as abuse, loss, or trauma can be triggers. Bipolar disorder can develop without a trigger. 

    According to one idea, the condition is connected to the brain chemicals (neurotransmitters) serotonin and norepinephrine. These molecules aid with mood regulation. It is believed that for someone who has a hereditary tendency to bipolar illness, these chemicals are quickly out of balance. While stressful life circumstances may contribute to the onset of bipolar disease, it is doubtful that stress causes bipolar disorder. People who have bipolar illness typically find that controlling and minimizing stress in their life reduces their chances of relapsing. 


    Bipolar disorder treatment

    Long-term therapy and management of bipolar illness are required. Among the treatment options available are:

    • Medicines that improve mood
    • Medicine for depression
    • Atypical antipsychotic medicines
    • Psychological treatments
    • Hospitalization is required for adequate treatment during acute episodes.
    • Education  to assist people in understanding and managing their disease, as well as becoming more self-sufficient
    • Community support programs to provide rehabilitation, housing, and employment assistance
    • Emotional support and understanding can be obtained through self-help groups.




    While we all experience sadness, moodiness, or depression from time to time, some people experience these emotions strongly, for extended periods of time (weeks, months, or even years), and often for no apparent cause. Depression is a serious disorder that affects both physical and mental health. It is more than just a bad mood.

    Depression symptoms

    Depression has an impact on how individuals think, feel, and act. Depression makes day-to-day life more difficult to handle and interferes with studies, employment, and relationships. A person may be depressed if they have felt sad, down, or miserable most of the time for more than two weeks, or if they have lost interest or pleasure in most of their usual activities, and if they have also experienced several of the signs and symptoms from at least three of the categories listed below. It is crucial to remember that everyone has some of these symptoms from time to time, and they do not always indicate that a person is sad. Similarly, not everyone who is depressed will exhibit all of these symptoms.

    Feelings generated by depression

    A depressed individual may have the following symptoms:

    • Sad, wretched, unhappy, irritated, agitated, guilty, frustrated, indecisive, unable to focus, and dissatisfied

    Depression related thoughts

    A depressed individual may have ideas such as:

    • 'I've failed.'
    • 'I'm to blame.'
    • 'Nothing ever goes right for me.'
    • 'I'm nothing.'
    • 'There is nothing nice in my life,' he says.
    • 'Nothing ever changes.'
    • 'It's not worth living life.'
    • 'People would be better off without me,' he says.

    Depression-related behavioral manifestations

    A person suffering from depression may:

    • Isolate yourself from close family and friends
    • Quit going out and stop doing their normal fun activities
    • Rely on booze and sedatives to get things done at work or school


    Depression Causes

    While the precise etiology of depression is unknown, a variety of factors can be linked to its development. In general, depression is the consequence of a mix of biological, psychological, social, and lifestyle variables.

    Personal variables that might increase the likelihood of depression include:

    • Depression may run in families, and some people are predisposed to it genetically. This does not, however, imply that a person would automatically have depression if a parent or close family has suffered from the disorder.
    • Some people may be more vulnerable to depression due to their personality, particularly if they have poor self-esteem, are perfectionists, are sensitive to personal criticism, or are self-critical. Negative significant medical conditions - These can induce depression in two ways. 
    • Serious diseases can cause depression directly or indirectly by the stress and concern they cause, especially if they include long-term care of a condition or chronic pain. 
    • Drug and alcohol use can both cause and result from depression. Many persons who suffer from depression also struggle with drug and alcohol addiction.
    • Genetic susceptibility
    • Extreme life stresses, including the use of medicines, narcotics, and alcohol
    • A few medical conditions


    Eating disorders

    Eating disorders

    Eating disorders are significant psychological problems. They may have an impact on people of various ages, genders, ethnicities, and cultures. The number of persons suffering from eating problems is growing. We now know more about eating problems than ever before. Despite this, many people suffer from these conditions for a long period without receiving a professional diagnosis or therapy. Eating disorders are most typically diagnosed in female teenagers and young women. Eating disorders affect men and adults of all genders, and they are frequently misdiagnosed. It is believed that almost one million Australians suffer from eating problems.

    The following are the most prevalent risk factors for the start of an eating disorder:

    • Dieting 
    • Depression 
    • Body dissatisfaction


    Eating disorder symptoms

    Some warning indicators are widespread among those suffering from eating problems. These might include:

    • Weight loss, increase, or fluctuation - mainly owing to dieting, but also due to sickness or a stressful circumstance
    • Obsession with physical appearance or weight cold sensitivity faintness, dizziness, and weariness
    • Increased irritation and mood swings
    • Anxiety or despair caused by social withdrawal
    • Difficulty to think clearly or focus increased interest in preparing meals for others compulsive routines, such as drinking exclusively from a certain cup eating in secret wearing baggy clothes or changing clothing style excessive or changeable exercise habits
    • Avoidance of food-related social settings common reasons not to eat big amounts of food disappearing from the refrigerator or cupboard visits to the restroom after meals
    • Dieting that is persistent and extreme




    Schizophrenia is a complicated brain condition that affects around one in every 100 people, or between 150,000 and 200,000 Australians. Disruptions to thoughts and emotions, as well as a confused perspective of reality, characterize the condition. It typically begins in late adolescence or early adulthood and spares no race, culture, class, or gender. Only about 20% to 30% of persons with schizophrenia have a few short episodes. It is a chronic condition for others. 10% of persons with schizophrenia commit suicide.


    Schizophrenia symptoms

    Among the symptoms are:

    • Hallucinations
    • Delusions
    • Social disengagement due to thought disorder
    • 'Blunted' emotions due to a lack of motivation
    • Inappropriate reactions
    • Impaired reasoning and memory
    • Insight is lacking.
    • Not everyone suffering from schizophrenia exhibits all of these symptoms. 
    • Some symptoms present only for brief periods of time, or "episodes."


    Current schizophrenia treatment

    Medication, hospitalization, and rehabilitation are the most effective kinds of therapy. Admission to the hospital is only required during a crisis; after symptoms have subsided, regular living can resume. Many people with schizophrenia may live full and productive lives thanks to effective antipsychotic drugs. 

    Antipsychotic medications assist to stabilize certain symptoms but do not cure the condition and are commonly accompanied with negative side effects. Most patients must continue to take their medicine in order to avoid recurrence.




    Approximately 3% of people will have a psychotic episode at some time in their lives. In any given year, around one in every 200 adult Australians may suffer from a psychotic disorder. An 'episode' of psychosis is a period of time when persons experience psychotic symptoms. Some people only have a few bouts of psychosis, or they have a brief episode that lasts a few days or weeks. Others will have symptoms more frequently as a result of a chronic condition such as schizophrenia. Psychosis commonly begins in a person's late teens or early twenties.


    Psychotic symptoms

    Psychotic symptoms include:

    • Delusions  erroneous beliefs not held by others 
    • Hallucinations are hearing, seeing, smelling, or tasting something that isn't there
    •  Altered behaviors and sensations


    Psychosis Diagnosis

    The existence of psychotic symptoms does not always indicate the presence of a psychotic disease. A mental health expert will conduct a complete medical and psychological examination over time to identify a psychotic condition. This can be done at home or in the hospital. They will initially look for psychosis caused by medicines or other disorders.


    Psychosis treatment

    Treatment can significantly reduce or even eradicate the symptoms of psychosis.

    Treatment options include:

    • Medicine: Some drugs, such as antipsychotics, aid in the restoration of the brain's natural chemical equilibrium.
    • Community support programs: Ongoing assistance may be required to assist a person suffering from psychosis in living independently in the community. Assistance may include assistance in finding suitable employment, as well as the development of social and personal skills.
    • Psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, family therapy, and counseling are examples of psychological therapies that attempt to teach skills and strategies for coping with stress, improve quality of life, and assist individuals in managing their symptoms through self-help and peer support groups.
    • Changes in lifestyle, such as increasing overall health and lowering stress via hobbies like art, music, and exercise, can help with rehabilitation. Avoiding drugs and alcohol, as well as getting enough sleep, can also assist.



    Emotional disorders (also known as mental diseases) are ailments that have an impact on your thoughts, feelings, mood, and behavior. They might be short-term or long-term (chronic). They can have an impact on your capacity to interact with others and operate on a daily basis.