Eye Surgery

Last updated date: 01-Jun-2023

Originally Written in English

Eye Surgery


Perhaps more than any other portion of your face, the area surrounding your eyes can make you appear relaxed or exhausted, pleasant or furious, youthful or prematurely aged. Puffy or saggy eyelids, fine lines, and wrinkles can all be dramatically improved with cosmetic eye procedures. Depending on the type of therapy, the results of these cosmetic operations might last months or years.

Be certain about your reasons for desiring eye surgery before proceeding. Consider the costs, the hazards, and the reality that the results cannot be guaranteed.

It's a good idea to consult with your doctor first. There might be a medical condition affecting your eyelids or another reason why the surgery is not right for you.


What Eye Surgery Can Treat?

eye wrinkles

  • Loose or sagging skin that causes wrinkles or disrupts the normal contour of the upper eyelid, occasionally limiting vision
  • Fatty deposits in the eyelids that appear as puffiness.
  • Bags under the eyes.
  • Lid Retraction.
  • Lower eyelids that droop and display white behind the iris.
  • Lower eyelid excess skin and fine creases.


Who Should Not Have Cosmetic Eye Surgery?

People who are considering cosmetic procedures should have reasonable expectations. People who seek more dramatic outcomes may not be suitable candidates for cosmetic procedures.

People thinking about skin resurfacing should also make sure that their skin is carefully assessed by an oculoplastic surgeon or a dermatologist, since the outcome of the treatment can be impacted by skin type and color, past sun exposure, and medication usage. People who are not in good general health or who have diseases that enhance their risks (for example, bleeding, infection, or scarring) may not be suitable candidates for cosmetic operations.


Types of Plastic Eye Surgery

The goal is to keep individuals appearing like a renewed version of themselves.



The procedure of removing or repositioning fat to minimize puffiness, as well as reducing extra skin, is known as blepharoplasty. Excess skin that might hang over lashes is removed during an upper eyelid blepharoplasty.

Lower eyelid blepharoplasty is performed in a similar manner. Instead of excising the skin, we tighten it using laser resurfacing or TCA chemical peels in some cases, and the fat is removed or placed into the tear trough.

Addition to making you seem older, excessively drooping skin around your eyes can impair your peripheral vision, particularly in the top and outer areas of your field of vision. Lower or upper blepharoplasty can improve or remove these visual issues while also making your eyes seem younger and more alert.

Find out what you can reasonably expect and learn about the advantages and dangers of blepharoplasty to help you decide if surgery is suitable for you.


Why It's Done?

If droopy or sagging eyelids prevent your eyes from fully opening or pull down your lower eyelids, you might consider blepharoplasty. Excess tissue from your upper eyelids might be removed to improve your vision. The upper and lower lids blepharoplasty might help you seem younger and more alert by making your eyes appear younger and more alert.

Blepharoplasty may be an option if you have:

  • If you have baggy or sagging upper eyelids.
  • Excess upper eyelid skin that obstructs your peripheral vision.
  • Skin excess on the lower eyelids.
  • Bags beneath your eyes.
  • Double eyelid.

Blepharoplasty can be combined with another operation, such as a brow lift, face lift, or skin resurfacing.

Insurance coverage may be dependent on whether the operation corrects a vision-impairing condition. If you merely undergo the surgery to improve your look, the expense is unlikely to be reimbursed by insurance. Lower lid blepharoplasty is generally typically performed only for cosmetic purposes.


Ptosis Repair Surgery

Ptosis Repair Surgery

The only effective approach to tighten the levator muscle is through ptosis surgery. Ptosis props, which are attached to glasses, can keep your eyelid pulled up, but they are uncomfortable to wear and do not fix the condition.


What Does The Operation Involve?

The procedure is normally conducted under a local anaesthetic that is injected into your eyelid and administered as eye drops. The procedure normally takes 45 to 90 minutes, depending on whether both of your upper eyelids are being operated on.

Typically, your surgeon will create an incision in the natural skin crease of your eyelid. They will use sutures to tighten the levator muscle's connection to your eyelid and to alter the height of your eyelid.


Ptosis Repair Surgery Complications

General complications of any operation:

  • Pain.
  • Bleeding.
  • Surgical site infection.
  • Allergic reaction to the equipment, materials or medication.
  • Specific complications of this operation.
  • Over-correction, where your eyelid is lifted too high.
  • Under-correction, where your eyelid is not lifted enough.
  • Bleeding into your eye socket.
  • Cornea abrasion.
  • Cosmetic problems.


How Soon Will I Recover?

  • After a few hours, you should be allowed to go home.
  • You should avoid getting your eyelids wet, doing intense activity, or bending down until the sutures are removed.
  • For a few weeks, avoid wearing eye makeup or drinking alcohol, and keep your face out of the sun.
  • For the next four weeks, avoid swimming.
  • Regular exercise should help you go back to your usual routine as quickly as possible. Before you begin exercising, seek counsel from your healthcare team or your primary care physician.
  • Ptosis surgery produces long-term benefits. Your face will continue to age, but it will always seem younger than it would have if you had not undergone surgery.


Brow lifts

Brow lifts

Drooping brows, which can make you seem furious or fatigued, can be surgically corrected with brow lifts. There are numerous techniques, but the most typical is to combine the treatment with the removal of excess upper eyelid skin via a shared incision in the natural upper eyelid crease. 

Another option is to hide the incision within the hairline, which runs from the outer edge of one brow to the outside edge of the other. Sutures are used to raise the tissue and restore the brow's natural position during this type of brow lift. This surgery is performed under anesthesia in the operating room, and recovery time is around one week.


Why It's Done?

The brows often shift downward as we age. The gap between the brows and eyelashes shortens as skin and soft tissues lose flexibility.

Lowering your brows might make you appear fatigued, irritated, or melancholy. A brow lift can elevate the brows and restore a more youthful, attractive appearance.

If you have a low or drooping brow that is leading to sagging upper eyelids, you should consider a brow lift.


During the procedure

Brow lift treatments differ based on the outcome you want. The approach used by your surgeon will decide the position of the incisions and the accompanying scars.

Your doctor may employ one of the following techniques:

Endoscopic brow lift. Your surgeon will make numerous little incisions below your hairline. He or she will next introduce a long thin tube with a light and a tiny camera affixed on one end (endoscope) into one of the incisions to observe your underlying muscles and tissues.

Your surgeon will elevate your brow tissues and secure them in place with stitches, tiny screws, or another procedure using a device introduced via another incision. Your incisions are then closed with stitches or small clamps.

Coronal brow lift. Behind your hairline, across the top of your head, from ear to ear, or mostly on the top of your head, your surgeon will make an incision. He or she will reposition your brow, with the scalp in front of the incision overlapping the scalp behind it.

After removing the overlapping scalp, the remaining scalp is stitched together. This procedure is not usually used on persons with high hairlines, thin hair, or who are susceptible to hair loss.

Hairline brow lift. Your surgeon will create an incision between the top of your brow and the beginning of your hairline. He or she will take a little quantity of skin and tissue from the top of your forehead rather than your scalp. As a consequence, your hairline will not be dragged back.

If someone has a receding hairline, a hairline brow lift is frequently employed. However, depending on how well the wound heals, a scar may be seen along the hairline.


Laser Resurfacing Under The Eyes

Laser Resurfacing

When we become older and start to notice changes in our skin, we are more likely to detect wrinkles around our eyes initially. This skin is the most sensitive on the body and will rapidly reveal signs of aging and tiredness. There are less collagen and elastin fibers surrounding the eye, making it more prone to drooping and wrinkling. In addition to its sensitive nature, the skin around our eyes can exhibit distinctive disorders such as puffiness, dark circles, milia, wrinkles, and loss of firmness.

This is why under eye creams and treatments have such a large market. If you've been wasting money on these items with no results, you should think about Laser Skin Resurfacing. Let's go through the surgery and the most typical outcomes, as well as the risks and recovery periods.


What Happens In the Procedure?

All laser skin resurfacing techniques require the application of brief, pulsing light beams to the affected regions. There are two types of lasers used: ablative lasers and non-ablative lasers. 

The ablative laser forces the top layer of skin to peel away, exposing the pink under layer. Don't be concerned; a local anesthetic will be applied. The operation might take anywhere from 30 minutes to two hours to complete, depending on the extent of the damage and the size of the region.

New skin will then form over the new collagen fibers, giving the skin a more youthful, fresh, and wrinkle-free appearance. The non-ablative approach implies that the laser travels through the skin without removing layers and causes little to no discomfort - normally, a topical numbing medication is utilized. The laser is used to administer heat through microthermal therapy zones. The heat tightens the skin and stimulates collagen remodeling by eliminating old epidermal pigmented cells. The recuperation timeframes for the two types of surgeries are obviously significantly different; we shall discuss this further below.


Risks/Complications of Laser Resurfacing Under The Eyes. 

  1. Redness, swelling, and itching - the redness may last for months, but the swelling should go away in a week or so. The itchy feeling will fade as new skin grows.
  2. Acne - lotions and bandages used to facilitate healing may aggravate pre-existing acne. In addition, milia (small white lumps) may occur.
  3. Infection - As with any invasive procedure, there is a risk of bacterial, viral, or fungal infection. The most prevalent infection with ablative laser resurfacing is a herpes virus flare-up.
  4. Skin color changes - the treated skin may lighten or darken in the weeks following the surgery. People with darker complexion are more prone to have permanent changes in skin tone.
  5. Scarring - there is a small chance that permanent scarring will occur.
  6. Ectropion (eyelid turning) - Although extremely rare, the lower eyelid may turn out and expose the inner surface. If this occurs, it can be treated with antibiotics, steroid ointments, and an eye patch. It should be fixed within a month. 


How Long Recovery Period Takes?

The skin will be raw and puffy following ablative laser resurfacing. It might also be irritating. To aid recovery, your doctor will apply an ointment as well as air- and water-tight bandages. It will take 1-2 weeks for new skin to cover the region, therefore avoid activities that raise the risk of infection, such as swimming, during this period. To alleviate discomfort, apply cold compresses and take pain medicines.

Non-ablative laser resurfacing has a relatively short recovery period. Redness, swelling, and slight pain are possible. This should be helped by using cool compresses. Normal activities and skin care regimens can be resumed right away.


Revision Blepharoplasty

Revision Blepharoplasty

What is revision blepharoplasty?

Revision blepharoplasty, also known as eyelid revision surgery, is a secondary surgical treatment used to remedy issues or enhance the outcomes of earlier eyelid surgery. When a patient is dissatisfied with the outcome of a previous blepharoplasty treatment, maybe because of a resultant defect or disfiguration that causes them distress, a revision procedure may be advised.

Revision blepharoplasty is more difficult than the first treatment and can be performed in a variety of ways, depending on the severity of the condition. Lower lid retraction, scarring, rounding of the corners of the eye, hollowing of the upper or lower eyelids, or residual bags and bulges are the most prevalent reasons for revision blepharoplasty.

The photos opposite show fairly common blepharoplasty problems such as lateral eyelid drooping and, in more severe situations, loss of intercanthal tilt and ectropion. These alterations can be visually damaging as well as causing substantial eye strain, discomfort, and vision loss.


Why undergo blepharoplasty revision?

There are several reasons why a patient may require blepharoplasty revision surgery, however most patients are dissatisfied with the outcomes of earlier eyelid surgery. Because blepharoplasty involves a very sensitive part of the face, problems might develop if the operation is not performed by a highly trained oculoplastic surgeon.

The severity of the condition varies greatly from person to person, ranging from mild scarring to severe eyelid malposition, which impairs the integrity of the eye and its ability to operate properly.

The most common reasons for undergoing blepharoplasty revision are as follows:

  • Scarring: 

While eyelid skin normally heals fairly well, it might be too vigorous on occasion. This can result in obvious scars and lumps around the incision regions, which some patients did not expect before undergoing eyelid surgery. Scar revision techniques may typically successfully control scarring if it is the cause for desiring to have eyelid revision surgery.

  • Under corrected eye surgery:

Another issue may occur if the first eyelid surgery does not effectively address the initial concerns or problems. During a first blepharoplasty or ptosis surgery, not enough skin was removed and/or the muscle that raises the eyelid was not properly tightened. When this happens, the face seems older and heavier. The eyelids frequently seem swollen and weary, and the upper field of vision may be impeded.

  • Over removal of skin or fat:

Excess skin removal during the initial eyelid operation might result in serious complications for the patient. The most serious consequences result from changes in the lower eyelid shape, which cause retraction and increased eye exposure. For example, removing too much soft tissue and skin from the lower eyelid may expose more of the white sclera (the white, outer layer of the eyeball) while the lower eyelid hangs below the colored iris.


Prosthetic Eyes

Prosthetic Eyes

A prosthetic eye can assist persons who have lost an eye due to injury or disease enhance their look. It's also known as a "glass eye" or "false eye." It's not an eye at all, but rather a shell that protects the structures in the eye socket.


Why is a prosthetic eye used?

The look of the afflicted eye socket can be improved with a prosthetic eye. It is far superior than wearing an eye patch or bandage for the great majority of individuals.

An ocular implant and prosthesis prevent the tissues in the eye socket from developing to fill the empty area if the entire eye is removed.

Vision cannot be restored with a prosthetic eye. A person will have no vision in that eye when the natural eye is removed and replaced with a prosthetic eye.


Types of Surgery:

A damaged eye can be removed surgically in two ways. The type of surgery you receive will influence your choice of a prosthetic eye. The two ways are as follows:

  1. Evisceration. The jelly-like inside of the eye is suctioned out using this procedure. This is accomplished by making an incision in the front of the eye. However, the surgery maintains tissues in the outer eye and eye socket (orbit). 
  2. Enucleation. The entire eye (the globe-like "eyeball") is sliced out and removed from the eye socket using this approach.



cosmetic eyelid surgery

Many people choose cosmetic eyelid surgery to correct concerns such as drooping eyelids or bags below their eyes. Different forms of cosmetic eyelid surgery can assist with both aesthetics and functioning of the eyelid. If you're wondering what these operations entail and whether you're a suitable candidate, here are the fundamentals of eyelid surgery outlined.

Although there are no explicit age restrictions for eyelid surgery, most surgeons will not undertake cosmetic surgery on individuals under the age of 18. For older individuals, eligibility is determined more by general health and capacity to handle general anesthesia than by age.

Skin resurfacing around the eye, brow lifts, eyelid crease repair, blepharoplasty, and filler injections are some of the cosmetic eye operations available.