Laparoscopic tuboplasty

Last updated date: 15-Aug-2023

Originally Written in English

Laparoscopic Tuboplasty

Laparoscopic Tuboplasty

The peritoneal cavity and the endometrium in the uterine cavity are connected by the symmetrically paired tubular organs known as fallopian tubes. The fallopian tubes are more than just open pipes or simple conduits. After ovulation, the ovum is trapped in the fallopian tubes, which act as a pathway to the uterus. In the fallopian tube, the sperm and egg fertilize each other. The zygote grows into an embryo after fertilization and continues its journey down the fallopian tube into the uterine cavity, where it implants in the endometrium. The habitat and conditions for conception and the early development of the conceptus are provided by the fallopian tubes.

The ovum, zygote, and embryo lack inherent motion as well. The ovum and the early conceptus are transported and carried through the fallopian tube, respectively. Sperm transportation to the site of fertilization is aided by tubal motility. Thus, the fallopian tubes are crucial to healthy, natural, unassisted female reproduction.

Diseases that disrupt the fallopian tubes' numerous and complex activities can lead to infertility and, in severe situations, sterility. Restoring reproductive function to women with tubal infertility has traditionally been accomplished through fallopian tube repair (tuboplasty). Today, there are more alternatives for treating these patients, including in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer (ET), which bypass the fallopian tubes in the reproductive process.


What is Laparoscopic Tuboplasty?

Laparoscopic Tuboplasty Definition

Laparoscopic tuboplasty is performed when the fallopian tubes are blocked or when a patient wants to undo the effects of tubal ligation, a surgical birth control approach that includes cutting and tying the fallopian tubes, a tuboplasty refers to a variety of surgical procedures. To improve a woman's chances of becoming pregnant.

The transfer of the ova (egg cells) from the ovary into the uterus is carried out by the fallopian tubes, which are essential components of the female reproductive system. However, some elements and circumstances, such as an infection or the development of scar tissue, can result in their occlusion. Female infertility results when the egg cell is prevented from entering the uterus in such circumstances.

Depending on the reason for the obstruction and the particular circumstances of the patient, tuboplasty can be carried out either through standard open surgery or minimally invasive techniques. The surgeon (typically an expert in obstetrics and gynecology) often performs diagnostic and imaging tests (such as ultrasound) and decides which approach is ideal for each patient after taking into account all the circumstances surrounding their unique case.


Laparoscopic vs Laparotomy

A laparotomy is an open surgical procedure that typically involves making one sizable incision in the belly. Through ports inserted in tiny incisions, laparoscopy is a surgical exploration and intervention technique using a camera and long equipment. Laparoscopy has the benefit of being minimally invasive, but the surgeon is left out of the tactile sensation of abdominal exploration. Both methods have their uses, benefits, and drawbacks, and a surgeon should be knowledgeable about and at ease using both methods.


What Causes Tubal Blockage?

Tubal Blockage Causes

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is the most typical condition contributing to tubal factor infertility. PID is a broad term for uterine, fallopian tube, and occasionally ovarian inflammation. Repeated sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including chlamydia or gonorrhea, are the main cause of it (although this is not always the case). If scar tissue is not removed, it can grow and obstruct one or both fallopian tubes, resulting in infertility. Depending on the condition of the ovary on that side, you might still be able to conceive normally if only one tube is blocked.

Endometriosis, prior ectopic pregnancies, prior abdominal surgeries, a history of infection brought on by a miscarriage or abortion, and past or present gonorrhea or chlamydia infections are other reasons for tubal factor infertility. Even though it's very uncommon in the West, tuberculosis can affect the fallopian tubes, just like an appendix rupture does. All of these can result in the buildup of debris, mucus, and scar tissue in the fallopian tubes, which can result in obstruction.


Laparoscopic Tuboplasty Indications

Laparoscopic Tuboplasty Indications

A tuboplasty can be performed on women who have fallopian tube obstructions, especially those who want to improve their chances of having a successful IVF procedure. There are numerous causes of obstruction in the fallopian tubes, including the following:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This describes an infection that affects the uterus, fallopian tubes, and other female reproductive system organs as well as the upper portion of the system. Unusual vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain, fever, burning during urination or sexual activity, and irregular menstruation are among the symptoms.
  • Infections following delivery
  • Endometriosis is a condition in which the endometrium, the uterus' inner lining, becomes inflamed.
  • Infections inside the abdomen, such as peritonitis (inflammation of the peritoneum, the thin lining of tissue in the internal wall of the abdomen) and appendicitis (appendix inflammation).
  • Ectopic pregnancy (where the fertilization of the egg happened outside the uterus)
  • Development of scar tissue
  • Damage to the fallopian tubes is frequently caused by side effects from a prior operation on the female reproductive system.

The intended result is that women who have had tuboplasty and are trying to get pregnant naturally or artificially will have a higher likelihood of success.


Laparoscopic Tuboplasty Candidates

Laparoscopic Tuboplasty Candidates

Laparoscopic tuboplasty is not appropriate for all female patients. The doctor decides if the treatment can be carried out after thoroughly assessing the woman's health on several fronts. Several factors include:

  • Method of tubal sterilization. The technique utilized during tubal sterilization is key to its reversal. Laparoscopic tuboplasty may be accomplished with the use of rings and clips during tubal sterilization. The Essure treatment, the Adiana system, and other procedures are not reversible.
  • Damage to the fallopian tube. Women who have extensive fallopian tube damage during tubal ligation have a lower success rate for laparoscopic tuboplasty.
  • Body mass index. Women who are overweight or obese have a reduced success rate for laparoscopic tuboplasty.
  • Age. After laparoscopic tuboplasty, younger women had a higher likelihood of becoming pregnant.
  • Underlying medical conditions. Some underlying conditions make it more difficult for women to become pregnant after laparoscopic tuboplasty. These include conditions that influence fertility and autoimmune illnesses.


How is Laparoscopic Tuboplasty Performed?

Laparoscopic Tuboplasty Procedure

Before Laparoscopic Tuboplasty

Before the surgery, the patient will have a comprehensive examination and investigation. The husband and wife will receive a thorough explanation of the process. The procedure will only be carried out if the fallopian tubes can be anastomosed and if the tube length is sufficient.  The tuboplasty is performed either to reverse previous tubal ligation or repair the scared fallopian tube from chronic or previous IBD.


Laparoscopy for Tubal Ligation

Patients who are having a prior tubal ligation undone should be advised about the alternative of IVF. The majority of tubal-ligated patients have very high success rates for their IVF cycles. If a tubal reversal is necessary, it should be performed by a skilled reproductive surgeon who is familiar with working with delicate tissue and fine sutures.

The laparoscopic method is recommended since the results are identical to those of laparotomy. For individuals who have access to this technology and are proficient with the robotic suturing procedure, new developments in robotic technology have also made this a possibility.

The two occluded ends of the distal and proximal ends of the previously ligated tubes are located. Before performing surgery on the tube, vasopressin is once more injected into the mesosalpinx. The damaged tubal segment is typically cut perpendicular to the lumen if a clip or ring was utilized. The ends are opened. To ensure patency along the whole length of the tube, a stent can be put hysteroscopically through the proximal end and into the distal end. To keep the distal and proximal ends together while the approximating sutures are being applied, a retention suture can be inserted in the mesosalpinx under the distal and proximal ends. Using interrupted nonreactive sutures applied circumferentially at the cardinal angles, the proximal and distal ends are anastomosed. Although it has not been well researched, a single suture at the antimesosalpingeal angle has been proposed as an option. The stent is removed. Reanastomosis needs surgeons proficient in laparoscopic microsurgery.


Fallopian Tube Recanalization

The site, extent of fallopian tube obstruction, and patient's health all play a role in the laparoscopic treatment of tubal adhesions. To reduce the risk of problems and complications, the patient will undergo a general examination before the surgery to determine whether they are healthy enough to operate or not. The physician will recommend the best course of action based on each patient's unique circumstances. There are now two ways to perform laparoscopic surgery on obstructed fallopian tubes:

  • Laparoscopic surgery to unblock fallopian tubes. In cases where the fallopian tubes are clogged, laparoscopic surgery is typically used to clear them. Proximal (accounting for about 15-25 percent of tubal pathologies). Under the direction of a laparoscope, the doctor catheterizes the fallopian tubes, which aids in clearing the tubes' lumen of debris and releasing adhesions. This approach has a success rate that can reach 85%.
  • Laparoscopic removal of fallopian tube adhesions.  The patient needs to have surgical dilatation and removal of the fallopian tubes in cases when the fallopian tubes are connected due to inflammation, which can quickly result in ectopic pregnancy. to guarantee that sperm and egg can move normally without being stuck once more.


Laparoscopic Tuboplasty Recovery

Laparoscopic Tuboplasty Recovery

You will remain in the postoperative ward after the procedure is complete so that the doctors can monitor you for any potential issues. During the healing process, you will receive advice on how to care for your body generally and the wound specifically. Three days after the operation, most women can return to their regular activities and jobs. The typical recommendations to be followed after surgery are listed below.

  • After a procedure, taking a bath or a shower is not restricted.
  • Following the operation, bandages (Steri-Strips) can be replaced after three days.
  • One week after the operation, sexual activity is not restricted.
  • Vaginal bleeding for a few days following the operation is common.
  • Normal period resumption occurs four to six weeks after the surgery.
  • For the first two or three menstrual cycles, there may be some discomfort and increased flow.

Following a procedure, pain is usual. The surgeon will advise on the best drugs to use to lessen pain. Your abdomen may experience a minor swelling that will subside in a few days. A few days' worth of general discomfort could include:

  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Stomach aches
  • Feeling bloated or gassy
  • Sore throat (from the ventilation tube if general anesthesia was introduced)


Laparoscopic Tuboplasty Complications

Laparoscopic Tuboplasty Complications

A minimally invasive method is laparoscopic tuboplasty. The risks are lower than with open surgery. However, laparoscopic tuboplasty carries the same hazards as other laparoscopic procedures:

  • Trauma to surrounding organs. Damage to adjacent organs during fallopian tube repair is possible.
  • Bleeding. Damage to the adjacent blood vessels may result in bleeding.
  • Complications related to general anesthesia are occasionally experienced by the patient. These include dizziness, difficult urination, nausea and vomiting, trouble breathing, and changes in cardiovascular parameters.
  • Infections. Since laparoscopic surgery exposes internal tissue, there is a possibility of infection.
  • Unsuccessful pregnancy. The laparoscopic tuboplasty procedure is performed to recover fertility. But occasionally, women are unable to conceive.
  • Scarring of the fallopian tubes. It is a potential side effect of laparoscopic tuboplasty. Infertility could arise from it.
  • Ectopic pregnancy. Three to eight percent of women who have laparoscopic tuboplasty surgery experience ectopic pregnancies. Ectopic pregnancy is a possibly deadly disorder that needs to be treated right away.


Notes for Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Tuboplasty

Undergoing Laparoscopic Tuboplasty

Contrary to open surgery, laparoscopic unblocking and removal of fallopian tubes typically do not necessitate a prolonged hospital stay for the patient. As a result, the patient can usually resume normal activities after a few days or at least a few weeks after being discharged from the hospital.

The success rate and potential for complications are two of the things that worry women the most when having laparoscopic surgery to remove adhesions and unblock fallopian tubes. Patients should be aware of the following to increase the success of treatment, raise the likelihood of naturally conceiving children, and limit potentially dangerous complications:

  • Pick a good hospital with a gynecology and obstetrics department. especially in the area of surgical treatment, good, rich experience; Keep a positive attitude, limit tension, and excessive anxiety because these factors can hurt the course of treatment; The patient should give their fallopian tubes three months to heal after surgery to unblock and remove them; if not, they should consider infertility treatment. A woman should be calm and avoid worrying during this period because it can easily impact how the ovaries function. For information on available treatments, patients can speak with the surgeon who conducted their operation or the infertility department. In vitro fertilization will probably be required if the fallopian tube obstruction is very severe.
  • When a woman has a blocked fallopian tube, she should consult a doctor and begin therapy right early. Because women's eggs steadily diminish in quantity and quality as they age, the older you are, the more likely it is that you will conceive naturally.
  • Patients can visit for an examination, a diagnosis, and therapy if they have obstructed fallopian tubes. To successfully apply the procedures for treating blocked fallopian tubes, such as laparoscopic surgery to unblock and remove the fallopian tubes, there are complete technical facilities as well as professional expertise. The team of doctors at the hospital for obstetrics and gynecology is highly qualified, skilled, and equipped with the most recent technology to provide high-quality, professional medical care.



To achieve a pregnancy, a range of surgical procedures known as tuboplasty aims to restore the patency and functionality of the Fallopian tubes. Before the introduction of efficient in vitro fertilization (IVF), tuboplasties were frequently carried out since tubal infertility is a frequent cause of infertility. Or the repair of any tube-like structure, such as the head and neck's Eustachian tube.