Oculoplastic Surgery

Last updated date: 22-Aug-2023

Originally Written in English

Oculoplastic Surgery

Oculoplastic Surgery

Typically, when people hear the term eye surgery, they think of vision correction procedures done solely on the eye. However, some medical issues and cosmetic procedures necessitate the expertise of an oculoplastic surgeon because of their specialized nature. Oculoplastic surgery focuses on the eyelid, eye orbit, and tear ducts specifically for either reconstructive or corrective surgery. Numerous medical professionals worldwide have training in both reconstructive and cosmetic oculoplastic surgery, and they are happy to use their skills to give patients great hope.


What is Oculoplastic Surgery?

Oculoplastic Surgery

The term oculoplastic surgery refers to a broad range of operations on the orbit, eyelids, tear ducts, and face. This includes cosmetic operations, facial plastic surgery, aesthetic eyelid surgery, and ocular reconstructive surgery. Some oculoplastic procedures are seen as both cosmetic and medically necessary. For instance, a person's look, vision, eye comfort, and eye health can all be affected by specific eyelid and periocular conditions. Your surgeon will verify with your insurance provider whether your procedure is covered before you may have the operation. An ophthalmologist who has had further training in the care of eyelid deformities, tearing issues, and orbital disease is known as an oculoplastic surgeon. You should make sure your surgeon fully explains the advantages of your operation given the potential out-of-pocket expense associated with an oculoplastic procedure for the patient.

One study found that individuals who underwent one of four frequently performed oculoplastic operations benefited significantly in terms of quality of life. These procedures comprised:

  • Repair of entropion. which prevents inward-folding eyelids
  • Repair of ectropion. it prevents outward-curling eyelids
  • Repair of ptosis. Which corrects an upper or lower eyelid that is drooping.
  • External dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). which induces the flow of tears.

The majority of oculoplastic procedures can be done as outpatient procedures, allowing you to leave the hospital the same day and recover rather quickly. The annual volume of oculoplastic surgeries carried out in the US is difficult to quantify. People of all ages have oculoplastic surgery for a variety of reasons. According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, one of the top five aesthetic plastic surgery operations is blepharoplasty, which corrects droopy eyes by removing extra skin, muscle, and fat. Over 200,000 blepharoplasties were carried out in the US in 2012.


What is Oculoplastic Surgeon?

Oculoplastic Surgeon

Ophthalmologists who have undergone in-depth post-residency training in this distinct subspecialty are recognized as plastic surgeons, also known as oculoplastic or oculofacial surgeons. The periorbital and facial tissues, such as the eyelids and brows, cheeks, orbit, and lacrimal (tear) system, are all included in the plastic and reconstructive surgery program.

Oculoplastic (oculofacial, oculofacial) consultant surgeons experienced in performing eyelid surgery, blepharoplasty, and facial plastic surgery give them thorough training in cosmetic eyelid surgery.

The Greek word that gave rise to the English word plastic has the meaning to shape or mold.  A surgeon who specializes in plastic surgery will mold or reconstruct various body parts.

Plastic or cosmetic surgery that is limited to the structures around the eye is referred to as ophthalmic plastic surgery, sometimes known as oculofacial surgery. Ophthalmic plastic surgeons, also known as oculofacial or oculofacial surgeons, are ideally suited to carry out this complex eyelid or facial surgery as well as give any care the eye itself may require because such surgery can impair one's ability to see.


Eyelid Surgery Asian

An eyelid crease produced by double eyelid surgery, often known as Asian blepharoplasty, gives the appearance of a larger, more symmetrical, almond-shaped eye. Your preferences and natural anatomy are taken into account while determining the height from your upper lash line to the new eyelid crease.


Oculoplastic Surgery Types

Oculoplastic Surgery Types

There are many operations covered by oculoplastic surgery, including:

  • Ptosis, entropion, ectropion, and eyelid tumors can all be treated with eyelid surgery, including blepharoplasty and eyelid reconstruction.
  • Tear duct surgery.
  • Using orbital surgery to treat tumors, injuries, and thyroid and eye conditions.
  • Pediatric oculoplastic surgery to treat children's eye conditions and congenital abnormalities.
  • Eyebrow and forehead lift.
  • Facial resurfacing (midface lift, lower facelift, facial implants)
  • Oculoplastic surgeons provide non-surgical procedures like:
  • Skin resurfacing (laser skin treatments, chemical peels, home skin care regimens).
  • Wrinkle-reducing facial filler injections (Juvederm, Perlane, Restylane, Radiesse).


Facial Rejuvenation

Nothing is more vital than having a positive self-image and being happy. Sagging around the eyes, heaviness in the face, wrinkles, sun damage, and other telltale signs of aging start to appear as people age. While some people are more likely to accept these changes, others are driven to stop them or even make them better. An ever-expanding array of tools is available to aid patients in their search for the desired changes. The three main types of treatments are as follows:

  • Home maintenance to preserve your look and prevent harm.
  • Office procedures requiring little to no pain, such as Botox, Restylane, and lasers
  • The face and eyes are lifted and sculpted surgically.


Oculoplastic Surgery Benefits

Numerous age-related diseases, injuries, disfiguring congenital defects, and thyroid disorders, particularly Graves' disease, can all be treated with oculoplastic surgery. Tear duct obstruction, drooping eyelids, and, in extremely severe cases, bulging and protruding eyes can all be symptoms of these diseases. Oculoplastic surgery is often required medically because many of these problems can be uncomfortable and impair vision. In addition to spending an additional two years in training to be able to specialize in this area of medicine, different doctors are also assistant clinical professors of oculoplastic surgery at hospitals where they teach aspiring surgeons in these specific methods.


Oculoplastic Surgery Indications

Oculoplastic Surgery Indications

Various medical disorders call for oculoplastic surgical procedures. The most common reasons for oculoplastic surgery include injuries or abnormalities to the eye itself, the eyebrows, eyelids, eye sockets, cheeks, and forehead. Cancers and growths around or in the eyes, ptosis (droopy eyelids), facial muscular weakness caused by diseases like Bell's palsy, or ocular issues resulting from diseases like Grave's disease are examples of facial or forehead abnormalities. Sometimes people seek oculoplastic surgery for cosmetic reasons like a facelift even though they may not necessarily have a defect.


Oculoplastic Surgery Preparation

Oculoplastic Surgery Preparation

You can follow these steps to get ready for surgery, suggests the American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery:

  • For the usual preoperative clearance, consult your internist or primary care physician before your procedure. Before being cleared for surgery, patients who are under the care of a cardiologist and taking daily doses of aspirin and warfarin might also need to see their specialist.
  • As directed by your surgeon, refrain from taking some prescriptions (such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and warfarin) and over-the-counter supplements.
  • Make an appointment to see the surgeon preoperatively. This is planned after your primary physician has given you the all-clear for surgery and is different from your initial appointment with the surgeon.
  • On The day of your surgery, make plans for someone to pick you up and stay with you for at least the first eight hours.


Oculoplastic Surgery Procedures

Oculoplastic Surgery Procedures

The majority of oculoplastic procedures can be carried out under local anesthetic at your doctor's office. Intravenous sedation is probably given to patients who are having the operation done in a hospital or surgical facility.

Eyelid surgery. The most popular form of eyelid surgery, blepharoplasty, is performed through incisions made along the natural creases of your eyelids. To remove the extra fat, skin, and muscle, the surgeon cuts and then removes the skin from the underlying tissue. The top eyelids are then stitched shut to close the incisions. Depending on the procedure employed, the lower lids may not need to be sutured. If both the upper and lower eyelids are done at once, the process typically lasts two hours.

Tear duct surgery. Your doctor will create a tiny incision inside your nose or between the skin on the inner corners of your eyes and nose to perform a dacryocystorhinostomy. From the occluded sac, a new tear drain hole is made that leads into the nose. To maintain the duct open, a stent may be temporarily left in the new tear drain. A permanent artificial drain is sometimes positioned beneath the corner of the eyelids when the obstruction is still blocked.

Orbital surgery. You must undergo radiographic examinations of your eye, such as a CT scan, and your doctor will perform a fine-needle aspiration before your orbital surgery. The surgical strategy will be chosen in part based on the outcomes. The kind of orbital surgery that will be performed on you will depend on the position, size, and severity of the disease that is already present. Sometimes no incision at all, or only a minor skin incision, is necessary. Others require significant incisions, which could leave behind obvious scars. Your surgeon will carefully protect eye function and vision while removing or repairing damaged tissues as required.

Pediatric oculoplastic surgery. Children receiving eye surgery almost always need general anesthesia, unlike adults having oculoplastic surgery. Congenital ptosis and congenital tear duct obstruction are two diseases that are frequently seen in children and can be treated with oculoplastic surgery. Many kids who have oculoplastic surgery have perioperative needs and related disorders. For this reason, a pediatric ophthalmologist who specializes in pediatric oculoplastic surgery performs oculoplastic surgery on children.

Forehead and brow lift. A longer incision concealed in the scalp's hair or multiple smaller ones beneath the hairline are both options for doing this treatment endoscopically. To lift the forehead and eyebrow, extra skin is removed. It is possible to combine an upper eyelid blepharoplasty with a brow and forehead lift.

Facelifts and implants. All facelifts eliminate extra facial fat, tighten underlying muscle, and redrape the facial skin, regardless of your surgeon’s method. Just above and in front of the ear, an incision is created in the area of the temple hair, and it continues underneath the earlobe to the back of the ear, where it disappears into the hairline. Your surgeon tightens and repositions the underlying muscle and connective tissue while lifting the skin. The removal of some fat and extra skin is possible. Sutures or metal clips will be used to close the incision. The other side of the face is then treated in the same manner. Facial implants are made of solid, biocompatible materials that have been carefully shaped and are intended to improve or augment the physical features of your face. Your goals, the features you want to change, your surgeon's expertise, and an assessment of the optimum type and size of implants for you are all important factors.


Oculoplastic Surgery Recovery

Oculoplastic Surgery Recovery

The type of oculoplastic operation you underwent will determine the post-operative care you need. You will be given instructions to follow at home.

For the first several days following surgery, your surgeon probably wants you to take it easy and apply cool compresses to your eyelids. Minimal exercise is typically advised to reduce swelling, bruising, discomfort, and postoperative problems. You are free to stand up and move around after the first 48 hours.

Exercise and heavy lifting, however, should be discouraged for at least a week and, in some individuals, for up to two weeks following surgery. Following your operation, if you had stitches, they will be released in the office a week or two later.

Any soreness is typically treated with acetaminophen. A stronger painkiller may be recommended based on the surgery's treatment plan and your doctor's experience.

The length of time required for recovery following oculoplastic surgery varies depending on the technique done. Oculoplastic procedures often have no problems, and the majority of patients only experience minor discomfort while under anesthesia and thereafter.


Oculoplastic Surgery Risks

Oculoplastic Surgery Risks

There is a chance that you won't like the outcomes of any cosmetic oculoplastic operation or any procedure that can change the way you look. Your ophthalmologist has a responsibility to thoroughly describe the limitations of the procedure.

However, you also need to be open to accepting the surgery's side effects and, in most cases, its cost. You also need to have reasonable expectations about the surgery's potential advantages. The fact that oculoplastic treatments are typically viewed as elective surgeries by health insurance providers and are not reimbursable medical necessities represents the second significant risk associated with them.

Like any surgery, cosmetic oculoplastic surgery may cause medical issues. Patients who underwent blepharoplasty frequently regretted the necessity for subsequent surgery in studies that assessed claims against ophthalmologists linked to oculoplastic surgery.

Asymmetry, scarring, wound dehiscence (a cut breaking apart), ptosis, and globe perforation during local anesthetic injection were additional problems. Another issue that led some patients to submit claims was an overcorrection. The most serious side effects of oculoplastic surgery include visual loss and impairment.


How Much Eyelid Surgery?

The American Society of Plastic Surgeons' most current statistics shows that the average price of eyelid surgery is $4,000. Anesthesia, operating room equipment, and other related costs are not included in this average cost, which represents only a portion of the whole cost.



Oculoplastic surgery refers to any procedure used to treat defects and/or abnormalities of the eyes and their supporting structures. Along with the cheekbones and skin in the surrounding area, structures including the eye's bony socket, eyelids, and tear ducts are included. To restore function and structure to the tissues involved, skilled ophthalmologists or oculoplastic surgeons may combine reconstructive and plastic surgery. Operations on the tear ducts, functional and reconstructive eyelid surgery, and surgical and non-surgical aesthetic procedures are all examples of oculoplastic surgeries.